Liberalization

The Danish gas market was liberalized in 2004 and ever since end customers have had the right to choose among gas suppliers.

Gaspoint Nordic support further competition by delivering a transparent and trustworthy wholesale gas price.

 

History of the market

Natural gas is used everywhere on the globe and make up approximately one quarter of the world’s energy consumption.

The increasing use of natural gas provides significant environmental benefits because natural gas is the cleanest of fossil fuels (coal, oil and natural gas).

It is estimated that globally there are natural gas reserves to cover more than 60 years of consumption.

The Danish natural gas market started in the 1960s when oil and natural gas were discovered in the North Sea. In the 1980s, the first natural gas from the North Sea was delivered to the Danish consumers.

At the beginning of the new millennium, the liberalization of the Danish gas market started. In 2004, all gas consumers were given the right to choose their own supplier.

As a consequence of the liberalization, the Nordic gas exchange Gaspoint Nordic (Nord Pool Gas) was established in 2008. 

1962 Maersk Oil is established (now Maersk Olie og Gas A / S) and AP Moller is awarded concession for the exploration and production of oil and natural gas in Denmark.
1972 Danish Oil and Natural Gas A/S is created by the Danish state. A year later the name is changed to Danish Oil and Natural Gas A/S (DONG).
1979 DONG and the Danish Underground Consortium (DUC) sign the first natural gas contract. That same year the first of five regional distribution companies is created. These municipally owned companies will be responsible for sales of natural gas to small and medium sized consumers.
1980 Construction of the gas transmission pipeline system begins. The transmission network is the backbone of the Danish natural gas network.
1984 The main part of the natural gas transmission system is completed. DUC delivers the first Danish natural gas from the North Sea (Tyra) on 1 October.
1985 DONG starts exporting natural gas to Sweden.
1987 The first Danish underground natural gas storage facility in Lille Torup is put into operation.
1994 DONG opens its second underground natural gas storage facility in Stenlille.
2000 The new legislation following the EU directive enters into force, and 30% of the Danish natural gas market opens to competition.
2004 The gas market in Denmark is fully liberalized. As of 1 January, natural gas consumers are free to, choose their gas supplier.
2005 Energinet.dk. is established as a joint Danish transmission company for electricity and gas.
2006 DONG Energy buys Elsam and Energi E2. EU conditions the purchase on DONG implementing a so-called two-way gas release. In practice this means that DONG Energy will sell 10% of the annual Danish gas consumption at auction and sell the gas storage facility in Lille Torup to Energinet.dk.
2007 For the first time, the commercial need for the import of gas is larger than the actual export of Danish gas, creating a bottleneck in the border point (Ellund) with Germany.
2008 The Nordic gas exchange, Nord Pool Gas opens for trade on 4 March. Nord Pool Gas was established by Energinet.dk and Nord Pool Spot (the Nordic Power Exchange) with a vision to promote competition and create greater transparency for consumers.
2009 Government adopts the “Green Growth” package, which states that fee and grant terms must equate biogas production for the gas system with biogas production for CHP systems.
2010 Ministry of Climate and Energy approves the expansion of the transmission network towards Germany.
2013 A combination of low gas flow from the North Sea, continued cold weather and low gas storage levels puts the Danish gas system under pressure. Energinet.dk enforced it’s plan for Emergency Gas Supply and declared Early warning on two occasions in March and April.
2013 A new compressorstation and 94 kilometers of pipielines from Egtved to Ellund is opened on September 30th. The new pipeline improves future gas import from continental Europe in the light of decreasing gas supply from the North Sea.
2014 On October 1st Energinet.dk implements the balancing model. The balancing model involves withinday market-based balancing actions by Energinet.dk through withinday trading at Gaspoint Nordic. This implementation is the first of two steps towards complete implementation of the Balancing Network Code with official deadline October 1st 2015. As a consequence of the balancing model Gaspoint Nordic introduces 24/7 trading.
2014 Energinet.dk purchases Stenlille underground gas facility from Dong Energy. The transaction was approved by the Danish Competition Authorities in December. Energinet.dk now owns both underground gas storage facilities in Denmark: Lille Torup in Jutland and Stenlille in Sealand.